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Paper Details

Condiciones de salud y laborales de la poblacin trabajadora informal en situacin de desplazamiento de Bucaramanga, Colombia

Claudia Patricia Ardila Jaimes Reynaldo Mauricio Rodrguez Amaya

Journal Title:Investigaciones ANDINA
Abstract


Introduction: informal work has become the livelihood of the people living in displacement in the country, the fact that many do not have quality coverage within the health system and not within the system of occupational risks, leads to lack of detection, analysis and control of risk in both physical, mental and labor, making them more vulnerable and reducing their quality of life. Methods: we performed a cross-sectional study, where the target population were persons forcibly displaced, over 18 years of age of Bucaramanga. The sample size was 741 people surveyed, the rate was non-probability sampling. Participants answered a validated instrument intended to measure socio-demographic variables, socioeconomic, health and labor. Results: in the sample female gender predominated with 64% on education, 31% have not completed primary school. The biggest reason to be moved is the violence factor with 94%. In health, 32% are overweight and 12% obese. In health perception, almost 20% rate it as very good or excellent and 38.6% perceive it as fair. In toxic habits, 30% are current or former smokers and 32% reported drinking alcohol. On labor issues, the sector where most works was trade (39%) and services (37%). Occupational safety, 12% had at least one accident in the 12 months preceding the survey, 53% perceive their workplace as unsafe and 80% do not have supplies of personal protective equipment. Conclusions: informal working population displaced from Bucaramanga, is a young adult population mostly women with limited health conditions and poor working conditions, where urgently requires improvement strategies that provide guarantees to reduce their vulnerability

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