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Paper Details

Childhood Obstructed Sleep Apnoea and the Role of the ENT Surgeon

Childhood Obstructed Sleep Apnoea and the Role of the ENT Surgeon

Nalini Bhat

Journal Title:Acta Scientific Otolaryngology
Abstract


Obstructed Sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterized by oxygen de-saturation and reduced upper airway airflow despite preserved thoracic and abdominal effort. It occurs due to periodic partial col-lapse of the upper airway during sleep. It is typically associated with the elderly, especially males. The incidence of childhood OSA is much less (1 - 4%) [1] as compared to adults (20%)[2]. Yet the effect of prolonged poor sleep and inadequate oxygenation can have several deleterious effects on the child’s health. OSA has been reported to cause poor feeding and failure to thrive, developmen-tal delay, hyperactivity, learning difficulties, personality changes and depression in children. It has also been reported to result in hypertension and cardiac issues in the long term