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Paper Details

Tobacco Usage and Assessment of Oral Health and Knowledge of Oral Cancer Amongst OPD Patients in a Tertiary Hospital in Sikkim

Tobacco Usage and Assessment of Oral Health and Knowledge of Oral Cancer Amongst OPD Patients in a Tertiary Hospital in Sikkim

Upasana Kotoki, Mohonish N Chettri

Journal Title:Acta Scientific Otolaryngology
Abstract


Tobacco is one of the major health problems in Sikkim as it is worldwide. Oral cancer is common in Asia, and this is due to its association with smoking betel and alcohol consumption. Incidence varies, with highest rates in South Asia, particularly India, Ban-gladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Afghanistan. This is a cross sectional study on 100 patients attending OPD in a tertiary care hospital. The data for the Tobacco usage was assessed using a questionnaire which is adapted from a published article of similar nature in a different setup and location and the dependence of Nicotine was assessed using Fagerstrom questionnaire. This small scale hospital based study is an attempt to see the trends of Tobacco consumption in patients presenting to tertiary care hospital in Sikkim with the GATS Indicators of India 2016-2017. The consumption trend are in line whereas the knowledge attitude and perception seems to be better. The alleged data on exposure of second hand smoke in public places restaurants etc. seems to be more than the national average so does the motivation to quit based on various initiative seems to be on a higher front.Keywords: Tobacco; Smoking; Nicotine; Fagerstrom; Oral Cancer