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Paper Details

An Update of Bronchoscopy in Pediatric Practice-Review

An Update of Bronchoscopy in Pediatric Practice-Review

Md Atiar Rahman

Journal Title:Acta Scientific Otolaryngology
Abstract


Bronchoscopy is an invasive procedure for examination of air passages and lungs. It helps both for diagnosis as well as interven- tion of airway disease in children and adult. This procedure can be performed by rigid or flexible bronchoscope on the needs of pa- tients and choice of the expertise. It can help direct visualization of airways, to obtain biopsy material, Broncho alveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from lungs and distal airways and help to diagnose various pulmonary diseases. Foreign body removal is another indication of bronchoscopy in children. Recently interventional bronchoscopic procedure has now been developed for treatment of laser therapy, balloon dilatation and stenting of airway in children. Though bronchoscopy is a safe procedure, but sometimes obstruction of airway may require special attention during procedure. The aim of this review is to outline update of bronchoscopic procedure for diagnos- tic, therapeutic and intervention of airway disease in children. Keywords: Bronchoscopy; Children; Airway Disease; Rigid; Flexible; Broncho Alveolar Lavage (BAL)