Status of Rabies in Selected Pastoral Districts of Borena Zone Oromia Regional State, Southern Ethiopia
Journal Title: Journal of Clinical Medical Research
The assessment was conducted to in pastoral districts of southern part of Ethiopia to discover status of rabies in human and animals in the area. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered to pastoral communities, professionals working with animals and human to collect information on the status of rabies both in animals and human. Data on human and animals bite by rabid dogs in the past two years was also collected. In addition, human and animal death in past two years also recorded. This survey revealed that rabies is one of public health problems of the area. The communities keep a dog to use as a guard for their livestock and compound but they do not vaccinate their dogs because communities have no information about the availability of vaccines for rabies and some of them complains absence of vaccine supply in the area. The presence of a high number of stray dogs in the area also recorded during the survey. The study discovered that children are the most bitten community members relative to young and adult whereas sheep and goats are the bitten animal species. As a conclusion, the diseases are one of the public and animal health problems in the area that need great attention both from animal and public health sectors. Therefore, the collaborative action of Public and Veterinary professionals towards rabies control and prevention in animals and human is a mandatory to reduce the impact of disease both in human and animals.