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Paper Details

Histological Effect of Smoking on Gingiva of Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Periodontitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial​

Histological Effect of Smoking on Gingiva of Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Periodontitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial​

Esha Yadav1*, Rudrakshi Chickanna2, Prabhuji MLV3

Journal Title: Journal of Dental Health and Oral Research
Abstract


Aim: To assess the histological findings on gingiva of smokers and non-smokers who are type II diabetics diagnosed with chronic periodontitis. Materials and methods: Between the age Group of 30-60 years, patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were classified into two Groups. The Group I included ten smoker diabetic patients suffering from chronic periodontitis while Group II included ten non-smoker and diabetic patients with the history of chronic periodontitis. Results: Diabetic patient’s demonstrated sub epithelial connective tissue lysis, breakdown of collagen fiber bundles. While smokers showed increased epithelial dysplasia and were statistically significant. Conclusion: Smoking and type II diabetes were significantly associated with Periodontitis. It is suggested that smoking cessation and control of diabetes should be instigated as a vital component of periodontal therapy.