Histological Effect of Smoking on Gingiva of Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Periodontitis: A Randomized Controlled Trialâ€‹
Esha Yadav1*, Rudrakshi Chickanna2, Prabhuji MLV3
Journal Title: Journal of Dental Health and Oral Research
Aim: To assess the histological findings on gingiva of smokers and non-smokers who are type II diabetics diagnosed with chronic periodontitis.
Materials and methods: Between the age Group of 30-60 years, patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were classified into two Groups. The Group I included ten smoker diabetic patients suffering from chronic periodontitis while Group II included ten non-smoker and diabetic patients with the history of chronic periodontitis.
Results: Diabetic patient’s demonstrated sub epithelial connective tissue lysis, breakdown of collagen fiber bundles. While smokers showed increased epithelial dysplasia and were statistically significant.
Conclusion: Smoking and type II diabetes were significantly associated with Periodontitis. It is suggested that smoking cessation and control of diabetes should be instigated as a vital component of periodontal therapy.