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Knowledge, Perceived Competency and Problems in Using Basic Periodontal Examination (BPE) as a Screening Tool for Periodontal Patients by New Clinical Dental Students

Knowledge, Perceived Competency and Problems in Using Basic Periodontal Examination (BPE) as a Screening Tool for Periodontal Patients by New Clinical Dental Students

Mahyunah Masud1*

Journal Title: Journal of Dental Health and Oral Research
Abstract


Background: Recognition of disease is an essential component in periodontal disease management. It requires effective Basic Periodontal Examination (BPE), to guide the need for treatment. This study aimed to assess the year 3 clinical students’ knowledge, usage, perceived competency, and problems in conducting BPE. It also assessed the effectiveness of the teaching and learning (T and L) of BPE. Method: The cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among the year 3 students in two dental institutions. Lectures and hands-on training given to the students were followed by five months of clinical exposure on BPE to screen new patients. The thirteen questions provided to the students were divided into demographic data, number of BPE conducted, time taken, perception on knowledge on BPE, usage, competency and problems that they might have faced while conducting BPE. Results: A total of eighty-five year 3 students participated in this study with 422 BPE performance recorded. The average time taken was 5 to 15 minutes per patient. On perceived knowledge and clinical performance, 58% presented with moderate to high score on the understanding, indication, codes, instruments used and skill on BPE. Most perceived BPE as a useful guide for treatment needs but the main problems were uncooperative patients and too many sites to probe. Conclusion: Although new clinical students perceived BPE was useful and 50% felt that they were competent, only 20% of them had high knowledge and skill. Effective T and L with appropriate exposure to BPE were needed to improve during the next two years of study before graduation.