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Paper Details

Soporte Nutricional en Enfermedad Pulmonar: Una revisin sistemtica

Rodolfo A. Cabrales Vega

Journal Title:Investigaciones ANDINA

Introduction: the potential for altered nutritional status in critically ill patients with either acute (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome-ARDS/Acute Lung Injury- ALI) or chronic pulmonary disease (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is significant. Weight loss in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has a negative effect on the clinical course of the patient. Causes of weight loss in this population are known to include effects of an energy imbalance, increased cytokines, hypoxia, and glucocorticoid use. Nutritional support is often indicated as a treatment modality. Methods: we searched 1026 articles and was selected 87 articles. Results: several enteral and parenteral formulas (EN-PN) have been suggested to help counteract the possible adverse respiratory effects associated with a standard formula with higher carbohydrates content to reduce ventilator demand of the patients. However, the use of these specialized enteral formulas in individuals with pulmonary disease remains controversial. Conclusion: the purposes of this systematic review was to synthesize the factors associated with malnutrition in pulmonary diseases and to evaluate the rationale for use of modified parenteral and enteral formulas in both chronic and acute pulmonary disease. This paper includes the available studies evaluating the efficacy of these formulas, and provides overall recommendations for the use of specialized formulas in individuals with pulmonary disease.