The Rise of an Invisible Enemy (Salmonella) in the United States
Satesh Bidaisee1*, Christian Small1
Journal Title: Journal of Clinical Medical Research
Background: 1945 marked the end of World War II; however, the United States was unaware of an upcoming battle with an invisible pathogen which would linger for decades to come. The war’s conclusion meant thousands of troops returning to the United States. It was quickly realized the need for urgency in shoring up food production. To keep pace with the increasing population, farms and slaughterhouses took sanitary shortcuts. This led to an increasing food contamination which resulted in the emergence of zoonotic diseases across the country. One of those pathogens realized, from the transference between domesticated animals and humans, was Salmonella. Due to the widespread spikes in illness, in 1962, the government created the National Salmonella Surveillance System to monitor laboratory confirmed illnesses via the information provided by states and county cases. This intra-country tracking system which is still in existence feeds data to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention has played a major role with compiling and publishing information which assists in minimizing future Salmonella outbreaks.
Purpose: The paper will provide insight to the rise of the zoonotic Salmonella trend realized after World War II and continues, albeit on the decline, today.
Method: Data by decade was collected from literature and reviewed to provide a comparison to the emergence of Salmonella after World War II to its stabilization in the 21st century.
Conclusion: Salmonella continues to be a zoonotic pathogen, with deadly consequences for humans, when not carefully controlled at the host level one of those being domesticated animals.