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Paper Details

CARACTERIZACIN DE LA INGESTA DE ALIMENTOS Y NUTRIENTES EN NI?OS DE 6 A 10 A?OS DE EDAD PERTENECIENTES A INSTITUCIONES EDUCATIVAS PBLICAS Y PRIVADAS DE LA ZONA URBANA DEL MUNICIPIO DE PEREIRA-2006

Mariantonia L?pez Castro, Martha Cecilia Beltr?n Cifuentes, Jorge Eduardo Cardona Lancheros, Hctor Fabi?n Yepes Giraldo

Journal Title:Investigaciones ANDINA
Abstract


There is a frequent lack of information about the nature of the alimentary security and the nourishment problems that a country, a region or a community face; it is necessary to find the insecure alimentary areas and the causal relations among the possible interventions and the condition in which the population has physical, social and economic access to innocuous and nutritious food, in order to satisfy necessities and preferences of diets for a healthy and active life. Children of school age show a quick growth and an intensive physical and intellectual activity, so the requirements of nutrients play a very important role in their growth and development. During the school period, the individuals establish many of their alimentary habits, tastes and aversions; family, friends and media communications influence their alimentary culture. This study of a descriptive and sectional type, permitted the identification of the alimentary habits and indivual and family cultural guidelines, the evaluation of the dietetic ingestion of specific nutrients, the identification of the nutritional dimensions of the alimentary security in school environments, the evaluation of the nutritional conditions of boys and girls between the ages of 6 and 10, belonging to public and private educational institutions of the urban zone of the municipality of Pereira. 21 educational institutions were visited, distributed in seven communities, in which surveys were carried out among 530 boys and girls who had their anthropometric measurements and alimentary anamnesis taken. The analysis of the anthropometric information expressed according to the nutritional indicators: Size for age, weight for age, and weight for size, showed that 49.6% of school children suffer chronic malnutrition, 46.6% acute malnutrition, and 55.7% global malnutrition. Regarding the caloric consumption and that of macronutrients, 39% of the surveyed show a deficiency in the average consumption of carbohydrates and proteins, and excess in the ingestion of fat. The highest deficit in the average consumption of calories was shown in men of 10 years of age, who also report a deficit in the ingestion of carbohydrates and an excess of 18.3% in the consumption of fat. In the ingestion of micronutrients, all the groups of all ages reveal consumption of vitamin A under what is expected, the same happens with the ingestion of calcium and iron. The children under 10 years of age reported a major deficit. 70 surveys were designed and applied among the parents of the school children which allowed the register of the characteristics of the family, the presentation of the results of the consumption of food, the identification of the zone of residence, the size of the family, the acquisition and the distribution of food in each of its members, among others. The study revealed disturbing figures that evidence the necessity of orienting the pertinent alimentary security programs to improve the nutritional conditions of the infants.

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