• We are available for your help 24/7
  • Email: info@isindexing.com, submission@isindexing.com


Paper Details

CARACTERIZACIN DEL ESTADO NUTRICIONAL Y LOS FACTORES DE RIESGO INDIVIDUALES Y SOCIALES DE LOS JVENES MENORES DE 14 AOS Y LAS MUJERES GESTANTES RESIDENTES EN LA COMUNA DEL RIO DE LA CIUDAD DE PEREIRA.

Jos? William Mart?nez, Adriana Garc?a Torres, Nubia Vergara Salazar

Journal Title:Investigaciones ANDINA
Abstract


The nutritional conditions of the individual should be considered as a situation that is part of a context, where multiple factors interact, such as, employment, education, income, propaganda, the health and quality of life of the people; elements that rebound considerably on the integral functioning of the child and later on his adult stage. The purchasing capacity is the possibility that a family has to accede to goods and basic services. The income and availability of food in the market condition the quantity of aliments that the family can buy. The poverty is expressed in terms of low purchasing capacity and the impossibility of satisfying basic necessities; it is also intimately tied to the educational level and to the occupation of the people that contribute to the family budget. The present is a descriptive study, whose population target are all the people under 14 and the pregnant women that live in the Comuna del Rio in Pereira. Information of weight, size, and global remembrance of food during the last 24 hours and some biological marks were recollected. The nutritional condition of children under 9 years of age evidences that the major risks of malnutrition are acute and global, but the risk is slight the report of the level of overweight and obesity is important: 10.6% in children, the nutritional history of height/age, expresses that nearly 13% of the children are classified as undernourished, chronically, severely or moderately. A high percentage of adolescents with low weight were found. Differences in the behavior of the nutritional state were found in relation to the gender. The girls presented a major frequency of normal nutritional conditions and the boys present more frequency of overweight. The boys that weighed lees would be those between the ages of 10 and 11, though this diagnosis was present in all ages. The hemograms were normal in most of the children. The hemoglobin were low in only 3 children. The cholesterol was evaluated in only 33 boys and 29 girls between 10 and 14 years of age and was reported high in 72% of the boys, while, in the girls, a high cholesterol was reported in 17% of them in general, 40% of the children had a total cholesterol over 160, and 30% of all the children had triglycerides over 130 mgr dl. High triglycerides were found in the great majority of the girls: the level of HDL under 50 corresponded to 12% of all the boys and girls under 14. 17 pregnant women were found during the investigation of which 10 are couples. An approximate increase is suggested of 1000 K/cal and 40 grams of protein for the pregnant woman who begins her gestation with inferior reports to those recommended. Obesity and overweight outline an important problem in all the evaluated groups of population and demand the design and implementation of interventions that, consulting their different cultural and motivational aspects, will permit educative interventions for the modification of their diets.

Download