SHORT-TERM EFFECTS OF STRUCTURED EXERCISE THERAPY ON MEMORY OF ADULT PATIENTS NEWLY DIAGNOSED WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Harpreet Kour, V.A.Kothivale, Shivaprasad S.Goudar
Journal Title:Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
Background and Objectives: Diabetes Mellitus is a multifaceted metabolic disease that can have devastating effects on multiple organs in the body and in the long run with micro and macro vascular complications that cause significant morbidity and mortality. Cognitive dysfunctions and impaired memory are commonly seen in patients with T2DM. The present study was to investigate cognitive function i.e. various domains of Memory of newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to study the effects of short term structured exercise therapy of eight weeks would improve various domains of memory in diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus of age group 20-45 years.
Methods: 30 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM were enrolled in Diabetic control group. The structured exercise therapy was given to diabetic group after measuring baseline parameters. 30 normal healthy sex and age matched healthy control were enrolled under normal control group. HbAIc, BMI, and various domains of memory functions were measured.
Results: Patients on Interventional therapy showed statistically significant improvement in attention and concentration (p< 0.001), Immediate recall (p < 0.05), verbal retention for similar pairs (p < 0.05), and visual retention (p < 0.05)
Interpretation and Conclusion: Exercise therapy along with dietary control and anti-diabetic medication will have a positive influence on various domains of memory functions.