Morbidities and its relationship with disability and psychological wellbeing among elderly in Varanasi District
Mohan Gupta, Kshitij Raj, SC Mohapatra
Journal Title:The Journal of Community Health Management
Objective: To assess the pattern of morbidity, co-morbidity, and treatment-seeking behaviour among the elderly. To determine the relationship of specific medical and co-morbid conditions with disability and psychological well-being, and also morbidity with socio-demographic variables.
Methods: This is across-sectional study, using a cluster sampling technique, with a sample of 200 subjects (elderly people over 60 years old) from the urban population of Varanasi City and the rural area of Harahua Block, Varanasi District. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine relationship between various socio-demographic variables and morbidity. Variables that were independently associated with morbidity and perceived health were analyzed.
Results: Females and the rural elderly were found to have higher mean morbidity. Asthma, COAD, hypertension, osteoarthritis, gastro-intestinal tract disorders, anemia, eye, psychological and neurological problems were significantly associated with both disability and distress.
Conclusion: More geriatric facilities need to be provided in hospitals and dispensaries. The oldest of the old should be provided free treatment and medicines. Family members need to be educated about the harms of the elder abuse.