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Paper Details

Presence of Leptospira in aquatic environments

Marcos Flores-Encarnacin, Anglica Ramrez-guila, Brenda Gonzlez-Luna, Ricardo Carreo-Lpez, Carlos Cabrera-Maldonado, Silvia Garca-Garca, Mariano Snchez-Cuevas, Alejandro Ulises Herrera-Romero, Claudia Ixtepan-Tejero

Journal Title:Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Science

Leptospirosis is a serious global health problem. It is an underdiagnosed zoonotic infection which has been considered traditionally as a rural disease of tropical and subtropical weather. It can be acquired through direct contact with urine of infected animals with pathogenic Leptospira spp., and also for an inadequate management of waste in households. In recent years, leptospirosis has been considered as an emerging disease. Major outbreaks of leptospirosis in urban areas of the world were detected and associated with the presence of pathogenic Leptospira spp. in aquatic environments, which were previously contaminated by urine or other waste from infected animals by pathogenic Leptospira spp. The increased rainfall due to global warming has caused overflowing rivers and floods in large urban areas causing the migration of this pathogen from infected ground to rivers, streams, lakes, wells, etc, where the bacteria can remain viable for long periods of time raising the incidence of leptospirosis in humans. Keywords: Leptospira, leptospirosis, water, pathogenic, bacteria.