Patterns and co morbidity of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder among school children in Khartoum state-Sudan
Amira Mohamed Osman, Abdalla Abderahman, Elham Mohamed Omer, Sana Eltahir Abdalla
Journal Title:Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Science
Background: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental childhood disorder characterized by inappropriate poor attention span or age-inappropriate features of hyperactivity and impulsivity and/or both. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder among Sudanese schools children to explore the comorbid conditions with ADHD and to identify the associated factors. Methods: 1200 students (boys and girls) of the age range of 7-14 years were randomly selected out of 75003 total number of students enrolled in 190 general basic schools in Khartoum State. Using SNAP-IV-C teacher and parent rating scale, which is a revision of the Swanson Nalon and Pelham (SNAP) questionnaire. Screening for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which is a triad of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Results: The total (the overall) prevalence in this study for both parents and teachers scale for inattentive, impulsive and or both subtypes are 9.4 %. And the prevalence of (ODD) among students who had ADHD, both inattentive and impulsive symptoms in both settings is 2.3%. Conclusion: The study showed the prevalence of ADHD symptoms among school children in Sudan was high in both settings, teacher and parent. ADHD symptoms are more common among boys than girls and more prevalent among late childhood.
Keywords: childhood, attention, teacher, parents.