Correlation between prostate volume and lower urinary tract symptoms in Sudanese patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia
Awad Ali M. Alawad, Shihab Mohamed Elamin, Faisal H. Younis
Journal Title:Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Science
Background: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is now recognized as one of the principal medical problems facing the male population in Sudan. Assessment of patients with prostatic enlargement still remains a challenge for doctors. Objective: The aim of this study was to correlate the prostate volume with international prostate symptom score (IPSS) and age in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods: This is retrospective observational case-detection hospital based study. Eighty eight consecutive patients presented with lower urinary tract symptoms attending the urology clinic at University Teaching Hospital were enrolled. All patients were interviewed using standardized questionnaires for International Prostate Symptom Score. Trans-abdominal ultrasonogram was used to assess the prostatic volume. Results: The mean age was 63.36 years with minimum of 27 and a maximum of 90. The mean volume of prostate was 42.38 cm3. Most of the patients had severe symptoms with a mean IPSS of 10.52. The correlation between the prostate volume and age was statistically significant in contrast to the correlation between prostate volume and IPSS which was not significant. Similarly, correlation between IPSS score and age was not significant. Conclusion: We concluded that prostate volume had a correlation with age, and no correlation with symptoms score, and there was no correlation between age and the symptoms score.
Keywords: Serum prostate specific antigen; prostate volume; benign prostatic hyperplasia