Association between Chronic Periodontitis and Serum Lipid Levels with its Risk to Atherosclerosis
Kush Pathak, Madhusudan Ashtekar, Rashmi Metgud, Suruchi Tekade, Sandeep Jain, Satyajit Tekade.
Journal Title:Advances in Human Biology
Aim: Regarding the high prevalence of hyperlpidaemia, which is one of the major risk factors of cardiovascular disease and uncertain reports about the relation between periodontal disease and serum lipid profile, this study was conducted to assess the relation.
Materials and Methods: The cohort study was conducted on 45 cases including 30 persons with chronic periodontitis as case group, and 15 healthy subjects as control group. Both groups had same age and weight ranges, sex and diet, without any periodontal treatment history in the past six months, underlying systemic disease such as diabetes, anti-hyperlipidemic drugs or active tobacco smoking history. Low density lipoprotein (LDL), High density lipoprotein (HDL), Triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol levels (CHOL) were measured by direct enzymatic assay.
Results: TG level was 116.713+/-30.485 mg/dl in control group and 166.197+/-69.332 in case group (P =