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Paper Details

Evaluation and Comparison of Healing of Periodontal Flaps when Closed with Silk Sutures and N-Butyl Cyanoacrylate: A Clinico Histological Study

Chirag Shah, Mayur Parmar, Khushboo Desai, Shilpa Budhiraja, Santosh Kumar.

Journal Title:Advances in Human Biology

Background: The periodontal flap is one of the most frequently employed procedures, particularly for moderate to deep pockets. Silk is the most commonly used suture material for approximating the flap margins together after periodontal flap surgery. There are some major disadvantages of silk sutures and to overcome some difficulties with sutures, a need for alternative of sutures is always felt. N-butyl cyanoacrylate is a tissue adhesive, which can be used for the closure of the incised wounds. Objective: The present study was carried out to evaluate and compare accumulation of dental plaque and response of gingival tissue during the healing period after periodontal flap surgery when closed with N butyl cyanoacrylate and silk sutures. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 30 patients and divided into three groups, 10 patients per group: Group A, Group B and Group C. In each patient, a split mouth design was employed. The flap surgical procedure was carried out for the pocket therapy and the selection of the site for suture and cyanoacrylate was done randomly. Antibiotics and analgesics were prescribed and the patients were recalled after 1 week, 3 weeks and 6 weeks. Results: It was found that healing with the cyanoacrylate is associated with less amount of inflammation during the first week when compared with silk. However, over a longer period the sites treated with both the materials showed similar healing patterns after 3 weeks and 6 weeks. Conclusion: It can be concluded that healing of periodontal flaps when closed with silk sutures and N butyl cyanoacrylate is normal, uneventful, healed by primary intention and aids in early initial healing compared to silk suture.