The Effect of Improved Periodontal Health On Metabolic Control In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Chirag Shah, Darshan Modi, Surbhi Joshi, Khushboo Desai.
Journal Title:Advances in Human Biology
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of improved periodontal health on metabolic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients.
Material and Methods: Fifty (50) patients with type 2 DM were selected. Subjects were randomly assigned into two groups. Data collection: Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded at baseline and after 3 months. Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), were analysed at baseline, 3 months following the periodontal therapy. The treatment group received full-mouth scaling and root planing whereas the control group received no periodontal treatment.
Results: A statistically significant effect could be demonstrated for PI, GI, PPD, CAL and BOP for the treatment group. HbA1c levels in the treatment group decreased significantly whereas the control group showed a slight but insignificant decrease for this parameter.
Conclusions: The results of this study showed that non-surgical periodontal treatment is associated with improved glycaemic control in type 2 patients and could be undertaken along with the standard measures for the diabetic patient care.