Teething Beliefs and Practices among a Sub-Urban Population in India-A Cross Sectional Study
Shoba Fernandes, Siddana Goud. R, Shrudha Potdar, Sidhartha Ram Pujari.
Journal Title:Advances in Human Biology
Background: Beliefs related to teething and practices regarding its management have varied cross culturally in various parts of the world. A paucity of specific studies related to teething in contemporary literature in India lead to this cross sectional study, to investigate the knowledge and practices about teething among the population in the central Indian region.
Materials and Method: Cross sectional survey of 150 mothers with the youngest child of less than 24 months of age was performed. A structured questionnaire which consisted of 21 questions was utilized. The numerically coded data was entered using SPSS version 16 and chi square test applied to analyze variables.
Results: The results showed that only 26.3% of interviewed mothers had good knowledge levels of teething problems. Majority of the mothers had good knowledge regarding irritability, biting fingers/objects and drooling. The remaining depicted inaccurate attribution to symptoms like fever (75%), diaper rash (77%) and diarrhoea (42%). 79% hesitated to consult dentists or health professionals.
Conclusions: Poor knowledge levels among mothers shown in this study confirmed our belief that extensive parental education is necessary with regard to teething problems. The erroneous beliefs and practices demonstrated a need for further investigation.