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Paper Details

Pattern of Malocclusion and Treatment need in Orthodontic Patients in Rural Population: An Institution Based Study

Tanvi Bihani

Journal Title:Advances in Human Biology
Abstract


Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and pattern of malocclusion among patients who visited Department of Orthodontics of Rajasthan Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur (Rajasthan) through a awareness program, being conducted at Bagru as a baseline data for proper treatment planning, teaching, and further research. Materials & Method: This study was conducted on 125 patients who attended the Orthodontic Department from November 2011 to November 2012. Information regarding age, sex, type of malocclusion, dentofacial patterns and dentofacial characteristics was obtained from patient records. Orthodontic treatment need was assessed using DHC component of IOTN. Results: The results of the study showed that the patients age ranged from 9 to 32 years. There were 63(50.4%) males and 62(49.6%) females. Chief complaints of majority of patients were forwardly placed upper teeth and irregularly placed teeth. The commonest type of malocclusion was Angles class II which was seen in 77 (61.6%) of patients. There was an increased overjet in 70.4% of subjects. Assessment of need for orthodontic treatment using the DHC component of IOTN showed that 46 (36.8%) were in great need of orthodontic treatment and 36(28.8%) had definite need of treatment. Conclusion: The results give a detailed pattern of malocclusion in orthodontic patients of rural area and may provide a baseline data for research and planning orthodontic services.

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