Impact of various sterilization methods on growth and yield of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida)
MANOJ KUMAR KALITA
Journal Title:International Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus sp.) are one of the most appreciated mushrooms due to their high nutritional value, flavour, very good
taste and medicinal value. It is grown in various lingo-cellulosic agro wastes thereby reduce the environmental pollution caused by its
decomposition. In the process of mushroom cultivation, one of the most important aspects is the disinfection of the substrates. In the present
study different substrate sterilization methods viz., hot water treatment for 30 min., autoclaving at 15lbs pressure for 20 min, treatment with
formaldehyde solution (50ml/ ltr.water), treatment with bavistin (2g/ltr. water) and treatment with ordinary water (control) were investigated.
Paddy straw was used as the substrate for mushroom cultivation. In the investigation, it was found that substrates sterilized by autoclaving was
the best as it took less time for spawn run (15.0 days), pin head formation (20.3 days), fruiting body formation (23.3 day) and produced the
highest mushroom yield per bed (892.35g) with biological efficiency of 89.24 per cent. Substrates sterilized with bavistin (890.25g/bed) and
hot water (886.23g/bed) also produced good yield of mushroom which was comparable with those produced in autoclave sterilized substrate.
Formaldehyde treatment behaved poorly as it took highest time for spawn run. As autoclaving of huge quantity of substrates in big farms is not
convenient, chemical sterilization with bavistin can be practiced.