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Paper Details

The distribution of fingerprint patterns with gender in Delhi, India Population –A Comparative Study

Kaneeka Joshi

Journal Title:Academic Journal of Anthropological Studies

Dactylography or Dactyloscopy is the study of fingerprints for the purpose of Identification. It is a progressing science and new methods are recording and developing. The potential for the examination to determine the sex and identification of an individual has been well documented and recorded. Identification using fingerprints is absolute and infallible. Few studies have been conducted and published using fingerprint patterns for the identification of distribution of fingerprint patterns among males and females. The aim of the present study is to establish the prevalent character in both sexes (male and female) in accordance to Indian population (North Delhi region) and then comparison was performed between the fingerprint patterns of the population. Material and Methods-This present study was conducted on 100 males and 100 females of Indian (North Delhi) population aged between 25-40 years. Rolled fingerprints were recorded using ink pad, and the identification of patterns was performed. Each subject was suggested to press their fingers uniformly on the ink stamp pad and then transfer the prints onto plain white paper. The major pattern and their subtypes were identified and analyzed for finding differences in gender. The data were tabulated and represented in graphical form. Results and Conclusion -Loops were found to be of most common type of pattern in both males and females followed by whorls. Ulnar loops are predominant in finding in population. Further in the present study the patterns and their subtypes were compared and then tabulated which reveals a significant difference for each pattern. Key Words: Dactyloscopy, Ulnar loops, Gender Identification, fingerprint, fingerprint patterns