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Paper Details

Dietary food consumption patterns in Sudan

Samar Abdalla

Journal Title:Basic Research Journal of Microbiology

The food consumption patterns varies among the regions and population. The goal of this paper is to determine the dietary food consumption patterns for the rural farm households in the dry land sector of Sudan. A sample of 200 farm households was selected randomly from three localities in North Kordofan State. The primary data was collected using food frequency questionnaire during the agricultural season of 2008/09. The results disclose that the dietary food patterns for the farm households depends largely upon cereal foods, particularly millet and sorghum products. The consumption of millet products is less than that of sorghum products due to its high market prices and production fluctuations. About 8%, 34.5%, 52.5%, and 52% of the farm households are rarely consumed meat, milk, chicken, and eggs respectively. The rural households consumed pulses, because they are available and inexpensive source of protein. Vegetables and fruit consumption were also very low since they depend on their availability in the market and households income level as well. The paper recommends to launch a major nutrition programs in order to encourage the diversity of food consumption and to improve the attitudes and capacity building for the rural people in the dry land sector as well as in Sudan. Keywords: farm households, food patterns, food frequency, cereal foods, Sudan.