IN VITRO ANTIPLASMODIAL ACTIVITY OF CINNAMOMUM TAMALA
Journal Title:International Journal of Medical Studies
Malaria is a mosquito−borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoan (a group of single−celled microorganism) belonging to the genus Plasmodium. Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, fatigue, vomiting, and headaches. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma or death. The disease is transmitted most commonly by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito bite introduces the parasites from the mosquito's saliva into a person's blood. The parasites travel to the liver where they mature and reproduce. Five species of Plasmodium can infect and be spread by humans. Most deaths are caused by P. falciparum because P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae generally cause a milder form of malaria. The species P. knowlesi rarely causes disease in humans.
KEYWORDS: Plasmodium, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae, P. falciparum, Paroxysm, Quartan fever.