Pharmacognostic Study of Acorus Calamus
Kaushal Arushi and Arora Ravinder
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Acorus calamus is an aromatic marshy herb which is used in many Ayurvedic medicines. In Ayurveda, it is mentioned in the treatment of many diseases. Many drugs are sold in the market by the name of Vacha. In the present study, two samples of Vacha which are sold by the name of Ghor Vacha and Sugandha Vacha, are compared. Ayurvedic literature describes Ghor Vacha as the original Vacha i.e. Acorus calamus and Sugandha Vacha as its adulterant.5 In Ayurveda, Sugandha Vacha is called Kulanjan and its latin name is Alpinia galanga.5 A pharmacognostic study was carried out to standardize the original Vacha and differentiate it from the other drug/s. It was concluded that Vacha can be differentiated from the other drug by macroscopic and microscopic characters.