Assessment on major apple diseases and insect pests in Chench and Bonke Woredas of Gamo Gofa zone, Southern Ethiopia
Seifu Fetena* and Berhanu Lemma
Journal Title:Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science (SJAS)
Assessment on major apple diseases and insect pests was conducted in Chencha and Bonkeworedas of Gamo Gofa Zone in 2012/13 cropping season. The aim of the study was to determine occurrences and assess impacts of major diseases and insect-pests. Survey was done to assess the awareness level of the farmers about the apple insect pests and diseases. From the two woredas, five administrative kebles were purposively selected. A total of 90 respondents (73 male and 17 female) were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. In addition group discussions were made with selected farmers of the study areas. Data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics by employing SPSS software version 15. Apple scab and powdery mildew (45.1%) as measured during the survey period was the serious disease. Insect pests such as apple aphids, scale insects and green plant bugs were also observed. Royal Gala variety being replaced by Crispin in Chencha due to its susceptibility to apple scab disease. About 35% of respondents revealed that farm tools and winds were the main spreading mechanisms of major apple diseases and insect pests. About 48.3 % of the respondents indicated that they are using different traditional apple disease and insect pest control methods. About 28.3% of the respondents were revealed that 151-250 apple seedlings and apple mother trees lost due to major apple diseases and insect pests. About 28.3% of the respondents were revealed that less than 25 kg of apple fruit lost due to major apple diseases and insect pests. It can be concluded that the awareness of farmers about most of the diseases and insect pests were very low. Therefore, this study recommended that there is an urgent need from concerned offices to improve apple farming system in the study area.
Key words: Assessment, Apple, Diseases, Insect pests, Respondent, Chencha and Bonke.