Concept of Krimi in Ayurveda – A Progressive Review
Saroch Vikas, Amandeep
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Despite decades of dramatic progress in their treatment and prevention, infectious diseases remain a major cause of death and debility and are responsible for worsening the living conditions of many millions of people around the world. In spite of lot of advances in the field of microbiology, we are unable to answer challenges mentioned above. Hence, an effort has been made to compile the management strategies of Ayurveda to find answers for the above problems. Compilation of management strategies depicted in Charaka Samhita, Harita Samhita, Bhela Samhita and Bhaisajyaratnavali helps the researchers to plan study design and to find a solution for microbial management challenges. Extensive search of texts Charaka Samhita, Harita Samhita, Bhela Samhita and Bhaisajyaratnavali was done by the author while composing a book entitled Kala-azar in Ayurveda and the materials were segregated, consolidated and edited from that book. Charaka mentioned twenty varieties of krimi along with their management and they are broadly grouped under external (ectoparasite) and internal (endoparasite). Each krimi is described in respect to etiology, habitat, form, shape, color, type, clinical features and treatment. Many eliminative and alleviative therapies are described in Charaka Samhita for the effective management of krimi. Krimighna mahakasaya (aksiva, marica (piper nigrum), gandir, kebuka (costus specious), vidanga (embelia ribes), sindhuvara (vitex nigundo), kinahi (albizzia lebbeck), goksura (tribulus terrestries), vrsaparnika, musakarni (merremia emerginata), jambir, rasona, camel‟s milk, butter milk, yavaksara, etc. are useful in eradicating krimi. Embelia ribes acts as ascaricidal, anthelmintic, carminative, diuretic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and febrifuge. With the advent of antimicrobial agents, some medical leaders believed that infectious diseases would soon be eliminated and become of historic interest only. Nevertheless, we now realize that as we developed antimicrobial agents, microbes developed the ability to elude our best weapons and to counterattack with new survival strategies.