Conceptual Study of Medoroga with special reference to Sthaulya (Obesity): A Review
Naresh K. Kumawat, Dharmendra K. Sharma, Dhannajay
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
The world wide latest report of W.H.O. for prevalence of obesity states that around 250 million cases of obesity are reported every year afflicting about 7% of adult population. Obesity is a common health problem and its prevalence is increasing globally. Obesity may be defined as an abnormal growth of adipose tissue due to an enlargement of adipocytes (hypertrophic obesity) or increase in number of fat cells (hyperplasic obesity) or a combination of both. Abnormal accumulation of Meda Dhatu in body is known as Medodushti. Medodushti includes several numbers of other Medovikaras, which are collectively known as Medoroga. Ayurveda considers Sthaulya roga as a disease due to atisantarpana-over nutrition. Body is made of seven dhatus i.e. rasa, rakta, mamsa, meda, asthi, majja, shukra. Obese patients are nourished excessively by meda dhatu and other remaining dhatus get malnourished. Kapha gets accumulated in between when Kapha is increased in abnormal fashion, fat metabolism and Agni are hampered and person becomes obese.