Palash (Butea monosperma lam. Kuntze.): A Review
Neelam, K.N. Dwivedi, B.Ram
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
The traditional system of medicine together with folklore medicine continue to play a significant role in our health care system. Palash is a commonly used herb in Ayurvedic medicine. The botanical source of Palash is Butea monosperma Lam. Kuntze. It is a medium sized deciduous tree which is widely distributed throughout the greater part of India. Palash belongs to family Fabaceae and is popularly known as „flame of the forest‟. The plant is traditionally reported to possess astringent, bitter, alterative, aphrodiasiac, anthelmintic, antibacterial and anti-asthmatic properties. Bark yield red juice known as „Butea gum‟ or „Bengalkino‟. The widespread uses of Palash in traditional system of medicine have resulted in their extensive chemical analysis for their bioactive principles. This article briefly reviews the botany, chemistry and pharmacology of Palash.