Role of Snehana and Svedana in Vatavyadhi
Gupta Neelam, Singh Jasmeet, Bharati Sarvesh Kumar, Singh A.K.
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
An imbalance in Dosh equilibrium is termed as ‘Roga’. Among Tridosha, Vata is responsible for all Cheshtas (activities) and most of the diseases. General treatments of Vatavyadhi are Snehana, Svedana, Mridu Samshodhana, Basti, Vatahara Aushadha, Ahara and Vihara. Snehana and Svedana are specific line of treatment for Vatavyadhi besides being the chief Purvakarma procedure for Panchakarma therapy. Sneha Dravya possesses Drava, Sukshma, Sara, Snigdha, Manda, Mridu and Guru properties which are just opposite to those of Vata, therefore, it alleviates the Vata. Snehana therapy is administered to a person in two different ways, external applications as Abhyanga(massage), Unmardana(rubbing), Lepa(paste), Pariseka(pouring of oil), Janu vasti, Kati vasti, Griva vasti, Moordha tail, Shiropichu,Shirodhara, Shiro vasti, Gandusha(gargling), Akshitarpana(application of medicine over the eyelids), Karnapoorana(filling the ear with oil) etc. Internal application has been divided into three varieties on the basis of their effect viz., Brimhana, Shamana and Shodhana. Both external and internal Snehana are effective in Vatavyadhi. Svedana is the process by which perspiration is induced in the body which removes stiffness, heaviness and coldness of the body, by opening of the blocked channels. Acharya Charaka has classified Svedana in two groups- Agni Sveda and Niragni Sveda.