A review on Agnikarma and its Physio-anatomical Effects
Gaurav Soni, J. Manohar, Sandeep Langhne
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
The art of healing of the ailments has been known from the time immemorial. Many indigenous ways and methods have been followed for the relief of suffering of mankind since Vedas. Agnikarma is one among the Para surgical procedures which have been mentioned in Ayurvedic literature. Acharya Sushruta has preached, practiced and documented the details of Agnikarma which is followed by many renowned authorities till date. Agnikarma is mainly indicated in Ruja Pradhana, Vata and Kaphaja vyadhis. „Agnikarma‟ was an asset of Ayurvedic surgeons which has been used widely in the clinical practice since time immemorial. The profound influence and utility of Agnikarma becomes clear from the extensive descriptions about this Para – surgical procedure in various Ayurvedic texts belonging to both Saṃhita and Saṃgraha period. Dahana Upkarana, Agnikarma classification, Dagdha Bheda, Samanaya- Vishesha Lakṣaṇa, Pluṣṭa dagdha, Dur dagdha, Ati dagdha, Agnikarma Kala, Agnikarma Anaraha and Agnikarma Vidhi etc i.e. nearly every aspect is defined broadly in Classical texts. The various therapeutic modalities of tissue heating that produce tissue heating differ from one another in their effects due to the site of tissue heating rather than any difference in its nature. Living tissues appears to be affected by temperature changes so need arises to study the various actions of Agnikarma on principles of Physiology and Anatomy of Contemporary Science to prove the worth of procedure in more scientific way so that lost trust in procedure is regained both by clinicians and academicians, thus proving at par knowledge of use of heat or Agni as part of treatment since Samhita Kaala in this modern era.