The Level of Knowledge and Determinants of Children’s Developmental Milestones from Birth to 36 Months among Mothers Attending Well-Baby Clinic at Al-Eskan Primary Health Care Center in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, 2018
Rehab Khalid Hafiz
Journal Title:International Journal of Current Medical Science and Dental Research
Aim: To evaluate the level of knowledge and the determinants about the children’s developmental milestones among mothers. Methodology: An observational cross-sectional study on 197 mothers attending the Well-Baby Clinic with their children at Al-Eskan primary health care center. Data were collected using the Caregiver Knowledge of Child Development Inventory. Results: The main sources of mothers’ knowledge about children’s developmental milestones were their family/friends, internet and social media. About half of mothers had poor knowledge regarding general knowledge about developmental milestones. Non-Saudi mothers had poorer knowledge regarding cognitive and social-emotional development of infants than Saudi mothers p<0.05. Mothers with lowest education had significantly poorest knowledge. Unemployed mothers had significantly poorer knowledge regarding cognitive and social-emotional development of toddlers than employed mothers p<0.02. Mothers with low educational status had significantly poorer knowledge regarding gross and fine motor development of children than employed mothers p<0.05. Younger mothers had significantly poorer general knowledge regarding developmental milestones of children p<0.05. Non-Saudi mothers had significantly poorer general knowledge than Saudi mothers p<0.05. Mothers with low education had significantly poorer general knowledge p<0.001. Unemployed mothers had significantly poorer general knowledge than employed mothers p<0.02. Conclusions: Mothers’ knowledge about developmental milestones is suboptimal. Their main sources of information are family/friends, internet. Younger, non-Saudi, less educated, and unemployed mothers have less knowledge than older, Saudi, more educated and employed ones.