Emergency and initial growth of guandu beans in the function of substrates and salinity of irrigation water
Beatriz de Abreu Araújo, Francisco José Carvalho Moreira, Fernando Lisboa Guedes
Journal Title:Revista Agraria Academica / Agrarian Academic Journal
One of the factors of greatest concern in current agriculture is the salinization of soil, especially irrigated land, with inadequate management of irrigation and fertilizers used in agriculture, one of the main determinants responsible for increasing the area with degraded soils. In the northeastern wilderness, evapotranspiration overcomes precipitation and, as a consequence, makes it impossible to percolate the water through the profile and, consequently, does not result in the leaching of soil salts. Considering the conditions present in the northeastern semi-arid region and the problems caused by salinization of soils, the present study had the objective of evaluating emergence and initial growth of pigeon pea as a function of two substrates and irrigation water salinity levels. The experiment was conducted at Green House, at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Ceará -CampusSobral. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design (DIC), in a 5 x 2 factorial scheme, with five salinity levels (0.27, 1.5, 3.0, 4.5, 6.0 dS m-¹), and two types of substrates (sandy and clayey), with 4 replicates of 18 seeds each. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was performed using the statistical program R Development Core Team (2011). According to the results observed in the trial, the cultivar BRS Mandarim obtained a higher survival rate, with the increase of the level of salinity in clayey substrate; All variables analyzed were influenced by treatments; the cultivar normally germinated up to the level 3.0 dS m-1, behaving like a plant with moderate capacity of tolerance to the salinity.