THE IMPACT OF DROUGHT AND DESERTIFICATION IN THE LAKE CHAD BASIN REGION
Dami, A.; Adesina, F. A. and Adeoye, N. O.
Journal Title:Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries
The main purpose of this study was to assess and analyze the climatic trends in the Lake Chad basin region between 1960 and 2002 for which the climatic data is made available. This is because of the impact of drought and desertification in the region which affects socio-economic life of the people in very remarkable ways as virtually every economic activity that the people engaged in is dependent on weather. The data for annual rainfall and temperature were for synoptic meteorological stations within the basin. These included N'Djamena, Mao, Bousso, SARH, Lai (Logone), Djimtilo (near Lake), Bol (Lake). The main findings revealed that the climatic data with respect to rainfall total annual figures show a declining trend until about the early 1980s, there after it begins to show an upward trend. The temperature patterns also varied from one stations to the other although Mao stands out from the other stations. The general trend from the polynomial curve is that of a slight decline from 1960 to 2002. It can be concluded that a proactive allocation of water among the various communities in the basin must be pursued to ensure that everyone has access to water optimally.