Chemical Characterization and Antibacterial activity of Swarna Jibanti (Coelogyne cristata Lindl.)
Achintya Mitra, Sreya Dutta, Dhirendra Nath Mandal, Kumkum Bhattacharyya, Dipankar Bhattacharyya and Jayram Hazra
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Ayurveda has a long therapeutic history since the time of immemorial which is still vulnerable as it is serving many of the ailments for large number of the population. Swarna Jibanti (Coelogyne cristata Lindl.) is being used as a single plant or as an ingredient for certain polyherbal formulations since the period of Veda for promoting the healthy life and rejuvenation. As it belongs to orchids and not widely available in the market, considering the huge demand in the industry, there is always chances of adulteration as no quality control profiles are ready in-hand. The standardization profiles and chemical characterization through pharmacognostic evaluation and chemical assays, viz. HPLC, LCMC, HPTLC profiles were carried out that can possibly help to differentiate the drug from its other species. Swarna Jibanti is anti-infective, potentiates immunity and antibacterial activities. The standardization of Swarna Jibanti was carried out pharmacognostically through cellular and chemo-taxonomic profiles. A module of standard operating procedure along with of pharmacognostical studies and chemical characterization has been developed with the help of modern sophisticated tools. The antimicrobial activity of the test drug in different solvent system has been carried out which reveals its significant activity against certain microorganisms. The standardized Swarna Jibanti was found to be potent antimicrobial against certain microorganisms.