CREATING AWARENESS OF HIGHLY PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA (HPAI) AMONG POULTRY WORKERS IN NIGERIA: A STRATEGY FOR ENHANCING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND HEALTH STATUS OF HUMANS
Ibhafidon, O. D.; Olugasa, B. O.; Meg, A. E.; Ibhafidon, A. and Anyanwu, S. N.
Journal Title:Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries
Avian influenza viruses that cause Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) are highly virulent and mortality rate in infected flocks often approach 100%. In Nigeria, cases of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus were first reported on February 8, 2006. A lot of avian were lost to the incidence. Human cases of H5NI influenza have been reported in many countries of the world including Nigeria. The fatality rate was more than 50%. Exposure to live chicken and low perceived risk were implicated in the spread of the virus. However, if awareness about Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza is created the economic loses in ill health of humans associated with it would be averted. This will enhance the chance of Nigeria becoming one of the top 20 world economies by year 2020. In view of the above, this study examined host range of HPAI, transmission of HPAI, clinical signs of HPAI, gross lesions of HPAI, morbidity, and mortality of HPAI, field diagnosis of HPAI, treatment of HPAI, vaccination of HPAI, control and eradication of HPAI, and public health importance of HPAI. Part of the recommendations was that the stakeholders in poultry farming should put all machinery in motion to prevent or forestall outbreak of HPAI.