The Pattern of Housing-Health Status among Residential Zones in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
James, E. E.; Akpan, P. A.; Essien, A. U. and Ekpo, K. J.
Journal Title:Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries
This research was conducted in order to examine the pattern of housing-health status among residential zones in Uyo metropolis, Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey in Uyo Metropolis was based on 400 randomly sampled households stratified into 40 residential zones. The study used structured questionnaire administered during a face-to-face interview with heads of household. Housinghealth status was measured using indices of physical support, accident/safety, crime/security, indoor temperature/ventilation, household hygiene/sanitation, lighting, crowding, building material type, refuse disposal and environmental quality. Data analysis was done using Chi – square test to examine the “goodness of fit” between observed distribution of housing-health indicators and the WHO theoretical standards. One way ANOVA was also used to examine variation in housing – health status among residential zones. Results showed significant difference between observed distribution of housing – health indicators and theoretical expectation. Housing – health indicators fell quite below WHO standards. Housing - health status was also found to vary significantly among residential zones. These findings provide the needed platform for improving housing -health status by enforcing stringent housing regulatory frameworks and accelerating the distribution of critical housing infrastructure in cities of developing economies.