Fishing as a Source of Livelihood and Sustainable Growth in a Resettlement Scheme: The Case of Bakassi Resettlement Programme in Cross River State, Nigeria
Isokon, B. E.; Ekeh, J. E. and Icha, C. I.
Journal Title:Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries
This study investigates fishing business as a source of livelihood and sustainable growth in Bakassi resettlement programme in Cross River State, Nigeria. The major aim is to ascertain whether fishing business promotes sustainable growth in the study area.. A structured interview schedule was designed and administered on 600 household heads and further confirmed with Focus Group Discussions (FCD). The research adopted a descriptive survey design while the stratified and systematic random sampling techniques were applied at appropriate stages to select the sample. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient (r) was used to test the only hypothesis formulated for the study. The results show among others that fishing business is the major productive base that promotes sustainable growth in the resettlement. Consequently, the study stresses the need for government to create the right environment for settlers to continue with their fishing business through the provision of incentives, grants, loans and subsidies. Beside, new methods of fish farming such as artificial fishing ponds should be introduced to the settlers as this will help boost their fishing business.