Community Vulnerability to Disasters in Botswana: A Case Study of South East Administrative District
Maripe, K. and Setlalentoa, B. M. P.
Journal Title:Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries
Community vulnerability to various hazards and related risks complicates recovery, reconstruction, and adaptation to disaster shocks. Vulnerability results from several factors rooted within the community requiring an accurate analysis of environmental threats. As such, vulnerability and capacity assessments are essential in the analysis and better comprehension of disasters and the related behaviour within the social environment. Hazard and vulnerability assessment diagnose situational crises and the likely effects on people and the environment. A key result from the study on community resilience to disasters in Botswana shows that communities are vulnerable and are constantly under disaster threat. Although there are district disaster management committee, they are only active during emergency response and ignore the pre and post disaster activities. As such, communities, families, and individuals lack fundamental knowledge, skills, and techniques necessary to enhance their resilience to disasters. Whereas, disaster risk reduction is a multifaceted approach which requires the deliberate involvement of different stakeholders for the successful attainment of desired ends. Therefore, tribal leaders, the business community, church leaders, government, and households should have defined roles and responsibilities in all phases of the disaster cycle. The roles and responsibilities must state actions to be undertaken before, during, and after disasters by each actor in the system.