A Basic Science and Clinical Review of Vitamin D
Stephen A. Mills , Sophia Dueno and Gregory H. Wallace
Journal Title:Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Food Science
Vitamin D was discovered in the early 20th century . Since that time, it has been the subject of extensive research by both the scientific and clinical communities. Vitamin D is commonly known for its regulation of serum calcium and phosphorous levels and its ability to prevent rickets [1,2]. The development of molecular and genetic technology has allowed researchers to look at the effects of vitamin D on other organ systems. Vitamin D receptors have been found on various organs in the human body and it has been estimated that vitamin D regulates around 250 genes [3,4]. Vitamin D research continues to be an open field where clinicians look to achieve a complete understanding of vitamin D function and its benefits in human health.