Survey of Schistosoma haematobium among Basic School Children in Urban and Rural Communities in Khartoum North, Khartoum State, Sudan.
Nadia A Elsammani1, Abdelghaffar Ali Adam2,Adam Abdalla Mater3
Journal Title:Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries
A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of S. haematobium among school children in selected basic schools in a rural and an urban area in Khartoum North, Khartoum State, Sudan. A structured questionnaire was administered to 600 children to collect information used to determine the factors associated with Schistosomiasis. Urine specimens (600 samples) were examined using the standard sedimentation technique to determine the prevalence of S.haematobium. Overall, prevalence of S.haematobium in both communities was of 15.7% a rural area had a higher prevalence 16.0% compared to an urban community 15.3%.The prevalence rates were significant in both communities, with gender in both communities, males was recorded higher infection rate than females, 90(23.5%) and 4(1.8%), respectively, while age group 13-15 year age group recorded the highest prevalence18(22.2%) and 21(17.1%) in the urban area and the rural area, respectively. When compared to other age groups, these differences were significantly different (p < 0.05) in both communities. It was concluded that Schistosomiasis remains a serious public health concern in Sudan. Therefore, application appropriate integrated control program will significantly reduce the disease transmission.
KEYWORDS : Schistosoma haematobium, Prevalence, Rural, Urban.