UREĐENJE GRANIČNIH PRIJELAZNIH MJESTA I SAOBRAĆAJA NA BOSANSKOHERCEGOVAČKOJ I CRNOGORSKOJ GRANICI 1912. GODINE // DEVELOPMENT OF BORDER CROSSINGS AND TRAFFIC IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AND MONTENEGRIN BORDER 1912
Journal Title:Historijski pogledi/Historical Views
The paper gives a brief overview of the problem of traffic regulation and border crossings on the Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro border in 1912. After the border between Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina was established at the Berlin Congress in 1878, certain problems were created in the realization of communications and the transition between the population of the border parts of this state. It was the area of the districts: Foca, Gacko, Bileca and Trebinje from the Bosnian side and the Pivka and Golija Captains from the Montenegrin side. Namely, in certain places there were no transitions from one side or the other, so the population went to the so-called. "Illegal" places, performing trade and other necessary jobs and needs. This represented some difficulties for the authorities of both countries, because many goods were smuggled, or not cleared, which caused some damage to these countries. The authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro were willing to regulate border relations, the establishment of several official crossing points, and the established procedure for monitoring passengers and clearance of goods. In 1912, this procedure was up-to-date, as confirmed by the mutual correlation between the official authorities of these states. In this paper, on the basis of several documents, attempts were made to point out attempts to regulate traffic and grant privileges to citizens on this border by the states of Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina.