Critical Appraisal of the Concept of Shodhana and Sadyashodhana among the Panchakarma
Satyajit P. Kulkarni, Milind M. Godbole and Sanjay S. Jadhav
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Shodhana or Panchakarma is the very important part of the Ayurvedic treatment. The period during which Charak Samhita was written, it would have been practiced in greater proportion. There is detailed description about Panchakarma or Shodhana in Charak Samhita, Sushrut Samhita and Ashtang Sangrah (and Ashtang Hridayam). These texts are called as Brihat Trayi . Sharangdhar Samhita and Bhavprakash described Panchakarma concisely as compared to the Brihat Trayi texts. Every disease is told to be treated with Shodhana first1 and Shamana thereafter. The Kalpa sthana and Sidhi sthana of Charak Samhita are solely dedicated to the Shodhana. Thus being an important treatment modality Shodhana is very useful in achieving both the goals of Ayurveda i.e., for maintaining health in the healthy and to treat the disease in the diseased one. This paper deals with theory part of the Shodhana to be applied in the healthy and the diseased. The paper also highlights the difference in implementing the Shodhana in the diseased and healthy one.