Role of Rasayana Therapy in Geriatric Health Care: A Rational Approach
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
The increase in life expectancy has resulted in a major shift in the population of senior citizens hence the 21st century is widely being considered ‘The century of elderly persons’. Population ageing is one of the most important global trends of this century. India has 9.3% of the population older than 60 years of the age. The likely number of elderly people in India by 2050 will be about 1/5th of the total population. These trends call for tremendous efforts to cope with new challenges because population-aging has many health related consequences and a great need is now felt to strengthen the geriatric health care system. Commonest geriatric health problems are – Hypertension, Arthritis, Cataract, Diabetes and Asthma. Commonest ailments for which the oldest-olds are undergoing treatment are body pain, eye-related problems and hypertension. Ayurveda presents a sound concept of aging, its prevention and management. It incorporates a special branch - Rasayana Tantra, which is exclusively devoted to geriatric health care measures. Use of Rasayana seems sufficient to arrest or delay the aging process and to rejuvenate the whole functional dynamics of the body systems. The present review intends to explore the ancient concepts of aging and Rasayana. Numerous research works also has been reviewed which are conducted to evaluate the role of Rasayana in geriatric health care.