Review of Jala
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Ayurveda is one of the most ancient and elaborate medical science possessing rich heritages of practical knowledge. Sharir Rachna is described in our classics covering different aspects like structures, location, composition and their numbers, macroscopic and microscopic details. Detailed knowledge of sharir Rachna is must for every physician for being skilled in medical practice. Facts described in our Samhitas are true & authentic but some of the facts are described very briefly. Jala is one those topics which needs to be elaborated. To reveal facts about Jala, this study is undertaken. Jala means a network like structure. There are four type of Jala i.e., Mansa Jala, Sira Jala. Snayu Jala and Asthi Jala. Each are four in number and total 16 Jala in human body are said to be situated in Manibandha and Gulpha. Wrist and Ankle region has similarity with Manibandha and Gulpha. Many Muscle, Tendons, Artery, Vein, Nerves, Fascia, Ligament and Bones are compactly arranged at Wrist and Ankle. All these structures can be included separately under the heading Muscular network, Neurovascular network, Ligamentous network and Bony network. Numerous structures are compactly arranged such that they are interwoven but well demarcated too. Every specialized function needs anatomical specialty and every anatomical specialty results into some different physiological outcome. Here Jala provides a complex configuration to Manibandha and Gulpha. This complexity is basis for many physiological attributes like stability, strength, higher degree of controlled movements and its vulnerability to injury. Jala makesManibandha and Gulpha an anatomically potent structure.