Therapeutic Efficacy of Eranda (Ricinus communis Linn.) in Vata vyadhi
Gyan Chand Kr. Morya, Awanish Pandey, H.S. Mishra, R.B.Yadav and K.N. Yadav
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Vata vyadhi is not a single disease but it is a group of disorders affecting all the systems of our body. Traditionally a large number of herbs are in use for the management of Vata vyadhi. Eranda (Ricinus communis Linn.) is one of them. The plant is widely used as an herbal medicine in Vata vyadhi. Classical properties according to vatika disorder is Vatahara (balancing effect), Udavartahara (relieves bloating, gas distension in abdomen), Plihaghana (useful in spleenomegaly and spleen disorder), Gulmahar (useful in abdominal tumors), Bastishoolhar (relieves bladder pain), Antravruddhinut (useful in hernia), Shoshahara (useful in emaciation), Shoolaghana (relieves abdominal colic pain). The anti inflammatory activity is due to the presence of flavonoids. Alkaloids have been found to be responsible for both analgesic and antiinflammatory action. The role of tannins and saponin in this plant shows anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities. The methanolic extract showed significant free radical scavenging activity by inhibiting lipid peroxidation. It also contains a toxin called ricin, possess antitumor qualities and recently has been used in chemotherapy of cancer. The present study is to explore the Vata doshahar properties of R.communis as anti inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, antitumor pharmacological properties.