Ayurvedic and Modern Approach to Cleft Lip w.s.r. to Austha sandhan
Gunjan Keshri, Subhash Y. Raut, Arun M. Lakhapati and Nita M. Kedar
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Plastic or reconstructive surgery in Ayurveda comes under the heading of Sandhan karma. Acharya Sushruta have mentioned Sandhan karma for various types of deformities of Nasa, Karna and Austha in Karnavyadhabandhvidhiadhyay. Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital abnormalities of the mouth and lip. Acharya Sushruta have already described it as birth abnormality in his text. Cleft lip is an abnormality in which the lip does not completely form during fetal development. Cleft palate occurs when the roof of the mouth does not completely clos e, leaving an opening that can extend into the nasal cavity. This study shows the evolution of modern surgery of cleft lip from Ayurvedic cosmetic surgery of Austha sandhan and highlights the principles of Sandhan karma.