Anidra and Its Management by Ayurveda and Yoga
Motiur Rahman and Karab Ali
Journal Title:International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
These days Anidra is a prevalent health complaint that is often difficult to evaluate. Ayurveda has given more importance on Nidra by considering it among Trayaupastambha. Anidra is a subjective complaint of poor sleep or an inadequate sleep. Sleep is one of the most important physiological processes responsible for maintenance of physical and mental health. For the last four decades modern science has used barbiturates and use of hypnotic agents of the benzodiazapine class. But it seems that the effect of benzodiazepine is not as ideal line of treatment for insomnia. It produces drug dependence and it is having numerous advanced effects. Those who are having trouble sleeping, sometimes turn to sleeping pills which can help when used occasionally. But in Ayurveda there are many natural remedies to treat anidra and also the positive effect of yoga can help in better sleep. Sushruta called Nidra as a vaighnaviya on a metaphoric language which is a physical process and provides nourishment to the living body and maintenance of health. Nidranasa leads to different types of diseases specially the diseases which are originated from vata and same time this may create serious health problem. Caraka has given importance to vata in the management of anidra. Due to proper and adequate sleep body tissue and doshas remains in blanch state of health both physically and mentally. So proper nidra is essential like food water and air for maintenance of good health and longevity. The present article attempts to understand the cause, pathogenesis and effect of anidra in the body and mind and its management by Ayurveda and yoga (sharbihan).