ISKORIŠTAVANJE I UNIŠTAVANJE PRIVREDE BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE U DRUGOM SVJETSKOM RATU // EXPLOITATION AND DESTRUCTION OF ECONOMY BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR
Journal Title:Historijski pogledi/Historical Views
Bosnia and Herzegovina was a distinctly agrarian country before World War II. As many as 84.10% of the population lived from agriculture, forestry and fishing. From industry, mining and crafts, 6.70% lived, trade, loans and traffic 3.10%, public services, the liberal professions and the military 3.60%, and other occupations 2.50% population. In World War II, Bosnia and Herzegovina suffered enormous human and material losses. The economy was almost completely destroyed. During the war, 130 major industrial enterprises and 24 mines, 95 sawmills that had 209 gaters were destroyed or damaged, and almost all traffic communications. Most of the agricultural inventory was destroyed and the livestock stock reduced by more than 70%. The school buildings were also spared no destruction. As many as 904, out of 1,043 school buildings, were destroyed and ineligible for teaching. Economic goods destroyed and exploited all military formations, but most of all the German and Italian armies.